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ReactJS Development Services: 11 Best Practices and PRO Tips in 2024

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React has become the go-to library for building modern web applications.

Its component-based architecture and focus on reusability make it a powerful tool for software engineers.

But likely any framework, there are best practices you should follow to write clean, maintainable, and performant code.

In this blog post, explore some of the key ReactJS best practices to consider in 2024.

ReactJS Best Practices: Optimizing Performance and Scalability

1. Folder Structure

When we have a big application in hand to be designed, it is crucial to divide the whole application into feature modules.

It has the following benefits:

  • Easy to maintain the code
  • You can lazy load the whole module instead of separate pages
  • Your modules work in isolation so if there is a bug in one module, it will not break the entire application

We like to prefer the following structure in our ReactJS development services.

Here, the core module holds common functionality, the home module is for layout/placeholder for other sub-modules, and practice and learn are feature modules.

Folder structure in applications

2. Services in ReactJS

If you come from the Angular world, then you must have been disappointed by knowing that there is no such thing called services in ReactJS.

Services are meant to put common business logic in one place so that all components can benefit from it.

So, the good news is that you can create singleton services in ReactJS.

The only difference is that you need to create the objects manually, but of course just once.

There are two ways to create them.

Using Context API

Create Services

Create services using context API



Using Class

Using class

👉 Read our insightful blog on Serverless vs. Containers

3. Performance

You cannot achieve good performance by just loading modules lazily. You need to take care of every small thing in your code seriously.

This is only possible if you know how React works behind the scenes.

Having a lot of code in the system doesn’t degrade the performance, but the code that takes a lot of time in computing and rendering, even though it is very small, is the real bottleneck.

Below is the code where <ChildComponent> renders whenever there is a state update in the input variable.

There is no reason for the child component to rerender because its parent component is rendering on every input change.

Child component rendering

To solve the above problem we can move the input state variable to its own component so only that particular component will rerender.

In short, you are moving the state to its own component.

Avoid unnecessary rendering

Like this, we avoid unnecessary rendering of components wherever it is possible in our ReactJS development services.

Look into useMemo() and useCallback() hooks in detail and you will have a better idea about it.

4. Avoid Memory Leaks

There are many reasons for memory leaks in the application.

One of them is to update the component even if it doesn’t exist in the DOM.

Update the component

To avoid such scenarios, always clear your subscriptions.

If there is no way you can unsubscribe them, then check if the component is still in DOM (or mounted) and then update the state.

You can create your custom hook to check this.

Create custom hook

And use it this way:

Another way of creating custom hook

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5. Encrypt Data in Local Storage

This is another ReactJS best practice.

We often store JWT tokens and user details in local storage in plain format. It’s a bad idea.

We should try our best to protect user data as much as possible.

No one would use your application no matter how beautiful your pages are if you compromise the security aspect.

6. Logging

When you are running your application in development mode and if there is any error, it breaks the whole application and shows a big red color error in your browser for you to figure out what went wrong.

The next step you do is to add ErrorBoundary (you can also use it in functional components) in your application to muffle the errors and let your application function (except the small part where the error came).

But that doesn’t mean there is no error. What if this happens in the production environment?

You can’t go and ask your users to send you the screenshots of consoles for stack trace.

So, what you need is to log in the first place. Whether it is dev, QA, UAT or production environment, you always need to find out the root cause of the error and that is only possible if you have a good logging solution implemented.

7. Create Wrappers

There are many beautiful UI libraries available for you to pick up.

We highly suggest you create wrapper components around the components offered by the UI libraries.

For example, if your application has a lot of input controls, please create a wrapper around the input control of the library and use that instead.

This will allow you to add more functionality on top of what you are already getting.

In the below example, we’re using Ant Design’s Image component inside the wrapper called CBImage and we use this wrapper wherever we need the Image component. You can call CBImage as a widget.

Just prefix any widget/wrapper you create with your product’s initial letters to avoid confusion with library components.

CBImage as a widget

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8. Write Transformation Layer

As a frontend developer, before starting your work on any story, you always discuss with the backend developer what the JSON structure of any object will be.

Well, that is a good practice, but what if the backend team is lagging behind in terms of development?

Will you sit idle for a few days? Of course not. What you can do is create your own View Models and start designing the application with test (or you can call it stub) data.

And when the time comes for integration with APIs, you just transform your model into the model that is expected by the backend.

The model that the frontend needs will be suffixed with VM and the model that the backend needs will be suffixed with DTO.

In the below example, you can see that the backend response is converted to what the frontend needs. It also offers you greater flexibility out of the box.

Let’s say the backend developer decides to change any of the properties, you just need to update this code and nothing else.

Your components would still work as if they don’t know any change happened.

Write Transformation Layer

9. Focus on Maintainability

The best feature of modern frameworks is the components that you can reuse at multiple places.

But if that same component is given multiple responsibilities to handle, then you are misusing the component.

A component should be designed with one feature in mind. Bypassing multiple props to the component and using if-else conditions in the component to render different layouts is a bad idea.

Ideally, you are trying to save development hours in the beginning but as time passes that same component will start accommodating more and more features and very soon it will become a huge component.

Now let some months pass, and you come back to modify the component either due to a bug or to add a new feature.

Even though the code was written by you, it will take some time to understand what you had written long back.

Assuming your memory is good and you remember everything vividly, you start injecting additional code and testing the functionality.

But the time it took you to add new code would be longer this time and there are high chances that you might introduce new bugs.

The reason? This same component is used at multiple places and you might have forgotten to verify all the scenarios.

For example, if you are supposed to create a responsive site, and you need your header to look different on different devices, then it’s better to create two separate components.

Focus on Maintainability

It is believed that if you don’t focus on maintainability from the beginning, your maintenance cost will be higher than the development.

10. Props Drilling is NOT bad

We have often seen people getting angry with what is called props drilling when they have a long hierarchy of components of communication.

And to prevent this they fall back on state management solutions like Redux or Akita.

Well, such solutions are very good for handling communication where there is no parent-child relationship.

But when you start using them in the parent-child hierarchy you are making your components less reusable.

Based on our experience, it is always good to go with props drilling if you have a three-level hierarchy. If you have more, then opt for Context API.

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11. Use Monorepo

If you have an enterprise application that has multiple portals then this is one of the best ReactJS practices for you.

It offers you high reusability with better code management. Rather than creating multiple repositories, create small independent projects/modules into one big repository.

Through this way, you can extract common components like Auth (login/logout/forgot password), UI library, etc into a shared module.

All modules will have their own package.json file, so it will be very easy to manage dependencies.

One such framework you can use is Nrwl.

Additional Tip:

Consider leveraging UI component libraries such as Material-UI or Ant Design to kickstart your development process.

These libraries offer ready-made, customizable React components that align with best practices and design principles, saving you time and energy.

Explore our offerings on React Native App Development Services

The Final Words

By following these ReactJS best practices, you’ll be well-prepared to develop robust, scalable, and high-performing web applications.

Keep in mind that these practices are guidelines, and the specific methods you choose will vary based on your project’s complexity.

However, by prioritizing these principles, you’ll create clear, manageable, and well-organized React code that positions your applications for success.

So, need help building your ReactJS application? We’re a product engineering company ↗️.

At Azilen, our team of experienced React.js engineers is passionate about crafting exceptional user interfaces.

We leverage best practices and the latest advancements in React to deliver high-performance, scalable web applications that meet your unique business requirements.

Whether you have a greenfield project or need help optimizing an existing one, we can guide you throughout the development journey.

Contact us today and discover how our React.js development services can elevate your web presence!

Craft immersive user experiences

Delivering excellence in React.js development

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